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Different Dog Hair Types and Grooming Tips

Before grooming your dog’s coat, you’ll need to know what type of hair he/she has.

Different dog breeds also come with different fur types. Knowing your dog’s hair type will give you an idea on what to do, and how to groom or brush his/her fur.

We’ve listed the different types below as well as how to groom dogs’ fur of that type.

Smooth Coat

A smooth coat is sleek and shiny. Dogs with a smooth coat look almost like they are covered with a skin rather than fur…

While smooth-coated dogs don’t need to be brushed every day, you should give your dog a good brushing as often as you can. In addition to helping to keep the oil evenly distributed over the coat and making sure the coat is free of shed hairs and dirt, brushing your dog is also a great way to bond with him. He will enjoy both the feeling of being brushed and the pleasure of spending time with you.

The basic tool you’ll need for grooming a smooth coat is a bristle brush. To start brushing, follow the direction of the hair growth. Work your way from the head back toward the tail, using just enough pressure to stimulate the skin. Be especially careful when brushing your smooth-coated dog’s belly and undersides.


Medium Coat

A medium coat is generally longer than one inch, but still looks quite short.

…Some medium-coated breeds may require an occasional trim on the neck, ears, face, or feet, but generally, a good weekly brushing and a monthly grooming session will suffice.

As part of your dog’s monthly grooming session, give him a bath, and then, make sure he is completely dry. You can let him air dry, towel dry him, or even use a blow dryer on a low heat. Once he’s dry, use a clipper or scissors to neaten the outline of his coat…


Long Coat

1. Long Parted Coat

Dogs with a long parted coat have long hair that should be parted in a very straight part along their back.

After you have bathed a dog with a long parted coat, towel dry and then blow dry it to keep it free from tangles. Once the coat is dry, stand behind the dog and place the tip of a comb just over the nose. Then, moving very slowly, comb over the crown of the head, down the neck, and back to the base of the tail, moving the hairs to the proper side to form the part as you go along…


2. Long-Coated Small Dogs

The long-coated small dog’s hair is not parted along the back, but can still be quite challenging to groom. These breeds should be groomed daily.

After you’ve given your small dog a bath, towel dry his coat and then blow-dry it to avoid tangling. While blow drying, use a pin brush to continually brush and fluff. When the hair is completely dry, use scissors (or an electric clipper) to trim your dog’s underside, clipping with the lay of the hair. Then, trim his paw pads and feet so the hair just reaches the ground around the paw. Finish by brushing and combing the hair on your dog’s head and face.


3. Long-Coated Large Dogs

…To groom your long-coated large dog, give him a bath and then towel dry his coat. Then, thoroughly blow-dry his entire coat, working with a pin brush at the same time, brushing and fluffing, making sure not to miss any tangles or snags. Clip your dog’s undersides and paws with scissors, and then brush and comb the hair on his face and head.


Wire Hair/Broken Coat

Wire (or broken) coats are not supposed to be soft and silky, like the coats of most other dogs. A properly groomed wire coat will be rough and bristly. The wire coat does not shed, which makes wirehaired breeds good choices for some allergy sufferers.

The best way to groom a wirehaired dog is by plucking out any unruly hairs, using your fingers or a stripping knife…

There are two methods for this hair removal: taking the coat down or rolling the coat. Taking the coat down means plucking your dog’s entire coat all at one time…
Rolling the coat means plucking small amounts of hair at a time, just whenever you see some strays or think a plucking is necessary. Rolling the coat is the more commonly used method…
To pluck, begin by using your non-dominant hand to hold the skin taut in the area where you will first be removing hair. If you find it difficult to get a good grip on the hair, sprinkle some grooming powder over the section. With your dominant hand, hold just a few hairs at a time, pulling them down and straight out in the direction of hair growth.


Wavy Coat

The wavy coat is characterized by curls, which is why it is often referred to as the curly coat. This type of coat tangles and knots easily and has a tendency to become dry. Before brushing your wavy-coated dog, you should always spray him with some sort of conditioning spray to avoid breakage.

While wavy coats can be difficult to maintain, this is not always the case…
A monthly session with the clippers should be enough.

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